The Laser were first introduced in medicine in the early’ 90s. Their use facilitate the application of various techniques, surgical or medical, which would be difficult to implement with traditional methods, in everyday dental practice.
The word Laser is an acronym from the initials of the English words:
L : Light
A : Amplification with
S : Stimulated
E : Emission Of
R : Radiation
In Greek it means: light amplification with forced emission of radiation.
A Laser is a high-tech device that produces high power light. The energy is transferred into the mouth via an optical fiber, which helps us to treat the hard and soft tissues including gums, teeth, cavities, bones, aphthae, herpes, etc. This is not radioactive but simply amplified light.
The Laser is safe, painless and an alternative solution to conventional dentistry. It requires little or no anaesthesia and minimizes the need for wheel use in most cases.
In dental surgery we can do occlusion without wheel, injection and pain. Also, lasers are used for the treatment of gingivitis and periodontitis without pain, surgical procedures, sutures and post-surgery swelling and pain after the end of treatment. In advanced situations they can be combinationally used with classical surgery with similarly good results and excellent prediction for teeth.
In the endodontic we can kill microbes that are found inside the canals. So we avoid the creation of apical lesions and blebs. If apicoectomy should be done, it can be done using the Laser.
Dental Laser has revolutionized the field of aesthetic dentistry and implantology. We can do plastic surgery on gums to correct smile without anaesthesia, pain and bleeding. In addition it is applicable to the installation and disclosure of implants.
In the oral pathology it is used for the removal of tumors and treatment aphthae and herpes.
Finally, we can do whitening of teeth with amazing results in cases in which the other bleaches are ineffective, such as stained coffee, tobacco, red wine, tea etc. The process of whitening is done on during a single session without problems of teeth sensitivity.
Our dental clinichas two types ofLaser:
Kavo KEY Laser
Smartlite KTP Laser
Kavo KEY Laser
It has a wide range of indications (surgery, periodontics, endodontic, conservative treatment) and allows for an effective and painless treatment.
In the periodontology, it is used for the removal of subgingival stone, prospefykotos epithelium and the reduction of microbes.
As a means of conservative treatment it is used for the removal of caries, imperfections correction of enamel and dentin, covering of slits and teeth desensitizing with hypersensitivity to tumblers.
During the endodontic treatment, it sterilizes and dries the canals, while it is surgically used in apicoectomy, the uncovering of implant, removal of aphthae and herpetic lesions, cleavage abscesses, removal of extensive fungal membranes, uncovering impacted molars, removing exostosis in ouloplastiki etc.
Smartlite KTP Laser
The KTP laser is a specialized, innovative laser, absolutely intended to a modern general dentist with dental direction of minimal invasive and cosmetic dentistry.
It constitutes an evolution of the classic Nd: yag, with the introduction in the production of the radius of a crystal potash - titanium - phosphorus, which halves the wavelength. It retains the basic elements of the Nd: yag laser physiognomy and adds essential advantages, such as controlled penetration into tissues and large chromaffin, which improve the biological profile of the laser.
The cause of its promotion and its increasing popularity, was the unquestioned superiority in the field of whitening in the clinic but it seems that it will achieve a lot more due to increased biostimulatory activity and minimal invasive intervention into tissues.
TheK.T.R. is a soft tissue laser. But it also performs on the hard tissues of sterilization operations, removal of inflammatory soft residue (granulation tissue), inactivation carious dentin debris, vitrification - curing dentin in deep cavities.
It works with both types of micron optical fiber, 200 and 300, in periodontal therapy, small surgery of soft tissue and endodontics. An important field of application is laser assisted periodontal therapy. Through the optical fiber, the radius of laser enters the periodontal pocket before and after thorough scraping with tools.
It traumalessly removes the submersible epithelium, and inflammatory tissues in a selective way (because of the color and the affinity with hemoglobin). On the other hand, it is strongly absorbed and remoted from pathogenic bacteria (red-black-figure are the main pathogens of periodontal disease).
It affects the tissues in a bio stimulatory in the tissues, increasing cell reproduction and differentiation to produce connective from bone tissue. This is done in two ways: directly as beam impact in the mitochondria of cells, and indirectly with favorable changes in the microscopic structure of pockets in combination with the traumaless intervention.
Following this, we can remove the epithelium from the boundaries of pockets (deepithelisation) for repeated sessions, so as to prevent it from diving in gingival crevice, facilitating the reproduction of connective tissues.
In laser-supported conservative periodontal therapy, we can from now talk about guided tissue regeneration flapless. This results in the reduction or elimination of most pouches, absence gum recession and shrinking of tissues.
The removal of tissues with KTP Laser is ultrastructural and completely bloodless, without the slightest damage to the underlying tissues. The KTP Laser is less penetrant than other fiber laser, while it is the most chromaffin, thus more selective and biostimulants. Because of the tiny pulses it produces (on the scale of nanoseconds) it causes less thermal damage to the tissues and increases the speed of intervention.
The high hemostatic effect of KTP Laser is also very interesting in the dental practice: During the same session the diversity of our operations on hard and soft tissues bordering each other (reconstitution into radicals, the use of composite resins and the weld which can readily be transfected), makes it an indispensable tool in daily clinical practice.
- Treating of postoperative pain
- Healing wounds